Inflammation is the body’s natural, protective reaction against an attack from harmful pathogens including bacteria, viruses and fungus. Essentially, inflammation is good for the body as it helps the body combat disease-causing organisms in the body. Inflammation also helps the body to repair damaged tissues and heal. Without Inflammation wounds would not heal and pathogens would ravage the body. However, inflammation in the body may in some cases get out of control. In such cases, the immune system reacts unnecessarily when there are no pathogens or foreign material in the body leading to tissue damage. There are basically two types of inflammation in the body: Acute and chronic inflammations.
Causes of Acute and Chronic inflammation in the body
Inflammation may start slowly and reach very high peak levels. However, in some instances inflammation starts rapidly to reach severe levels. The latter is referred to as acute inflammation. Acute inflammation may persist for only a few days or weeks. Here are some of the causes of acute inflammation
  • A scratch or cut on the skin
  • A sprained ankle or tendon
  • Acute bronchitis
  • A sore throat after a cold or flu infection
  • Acute tonsillitis
  • An infected ingrown toenail
  • Acute sinusitis
  • Dermatitis
In cases where inflammation last for several months or over a year, it is regarded as chronic inflammation. Chronic inflammation persists majorly because the body reacts continuously to perceived internal threats to the body’s immune system. Such perceived threats do not necessitate an inflammatory response. Chronic inflammation is destructive as it causes white blood cells in the body to attack healthy tissues and organs. Chronic inflammation is caused by a failure to eliminate the source of an acute inflammation incident. Chronic inflammation may also be caused by a low intensity irritant in the body.
Effects of Inflammation in the body
Acute short-lived inflammation is somewhat regarded as a good for the body as it helps the body to react appropriately to fight pathogens and heals wounds. Some of the effects of acute inflammation include;
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling around affected areas
  • Chronic Inflammation is mostly associated with pain, discomfort and stiffness depending on the severity of the condition. Here are some of the serious effects of chronic inflammation in the body
  • Increased risk of heart disease
  • Increased risk of insulin resistance leading to diabetes
  • Poor growth and damage of bones
  • Development of lung conditions including asthma
  • Development of cancer
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Loss of appetite